Iodine Global Network (IGN)

United Kingdom

COUNTRY POPULATION: 66,573,504 (2018)
MUIC* (µg/L): 138 (2013-14) National, SAC + Adolescents (4-18)
MUIC IN OTHER POPULATIONS (µg/L): 99 (2002-11) Sub-national, PW; 117 (2013-14) National, WRA (16-49)
HHIS* (UNICEF 2017): -
* MUIC, median urinary iodine concentration
* HHIS, percentage of households consuming iodized salt (>0 ppm) among all tested households
SAC: school-age children / WRA: women of reproductive age / PW: pregnant women


28. November 2019

Push to increase the supply and availability of iodized salt in the UK

A joint initiative of British Salt, British Thyroid Foundation, UK Iodine Group and the Iodine Global...

28. May 2018

Adding iodine to salt could help children reach full academic potential

Experts want iodine to be added to salt after research showed that a lack of the mineral in pregnant...

28. March 2018

New survey finds teenage girls in Northern Ireland have adequate amounts of iodine in their bodies

A new survey of 14-15 year old girls in Northern Ireland has found they have adequate amounts of iodine...

04. October 2017

UK: Most milk substitutes are low in iodine

Milk and dairy products are the main source of iodine in many diets, and an important iodine source in...

10. November 2016

Northern Ireland: Pregnant women may be iodine deficient

by Amber Cox, originally published on the Healio website on November 9, 2016 Iodine deficiency in...

08. November 2016

UK: Lack of iodine during pregnancy linked to lower IQ in babies

Originally published in the Irish News on November 8, 2016 Pregnant women are being encouraged to...

29. April 2016

Iodine deficiency in the UK: grabbing the low-hanging fruit

In this era of global obesity and diabetes epidemics, simple solutions to public health problems seem...

17. February 2016

UK: Organic dairy makes advancements in iodine levels

Following a two-year project to raise iodine levels, OMSCo (the Organic Milk Suppliers Cooperative)...

07. December 2015

UK: why are pregnant mothers at risk of iodine deficiency?

Every mother knows how important nutrition is in pregnancy; specifically taking folic acid and vitamin-D...

10. August 2015

UK: Pregnancy iodine pills 'good for babies and economy'

Recommending iodine supplements to all pregnant women could save the NHS money, say researchers. A...


Iodine deficiency in the UK: cutting back on milk may be partially to blame (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
IDD Newsletter 3/2014
Excerpted from an article by Sandra Walsh, published on November 17, 2014 in the Daily Mail (UK).
Available from:
In the UK and Australia poor iodine intake in pregnancy predicts lower child IQ (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
IDD Newsletter 2/2014
Every year, in developing countries, 38 million newborns are born iodine deficient. But newborns in industrialized countries, such as the UK, USA, and Australia, are also vulnerable.
Low iodine intakes in U.K. pregnant women (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
IDD Newsletter 1/2014
The following are excerpts from an interview by the Nutrition Society with Dr. Sarah Bath and Prof. Margaret Rayman of the University of Surrey on their recent paper in the British Journal of Nutrition: Bath SC, et. Br J Nutr. 2014 Jan 7:1-10. [Epub ahead of print].
Iodine deficiency in the UK – the way forward (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
IDD Newsletter 3/2012
London meeting discusses iodine deficiency in the United Kingdom and recommends future action.
Iodine deficiency uncovered in the UK (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
IDD Newsletter 3/2011
A national study finds more than 2/3rds of schoolgirls have low iodine intakes


Iodine deficiency in pregnant women living in the South-East of the UK: the influence of diet and nutritional supplements on iodine status (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
Sarah C. Bath, Alan Walter, Andrew Taylor, John Wright, and Margaret P. Rayman
Br J Nutr 2014 May, 111(9): 1622–1631
SACN statement on iodine and health (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
February 2014
The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN), following the publication of a paper in the Lancet in June 2011 by Vanderpump et al., who suggested that “the UK was iodine deficient”, asked for an overview of the current evidence that some degree of iodine deficiency might affect some groups within the UK population.
Thyroid and iodine nutritional status: a UK perspective (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
Mark Vanderpump
Clinical Medicine 2014, 14(6): s7–s11
Effect of inadequate iodine status in UK pregnant women on cognitive outcomes in their children: results from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
Sarah C Bath, Colin D Steer, Jean Golding, Pauline Emmett, and Margaret P Rayman
Lancet 2013, 382(9889): 331-7
Iodine - Food Fact Sheet from the British Dietetic Association (BDA) (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
This Food Fact Sheet will tell you more about iodine, its food sources and how much you need.
Iodine Deficiency in the UK – Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
Dr Alison Tedstone, UK Department of Health, 2013
Iodine concentration of organic and conventional milk: implications for iodine intake (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
Sarah C. Bath, Suzanne Button and Margaret P. Rayman
British Journal of Nutrition 2011
Iodine status of UK schoolgirls: a cross-sectional survey (PDFAchtung Link öffnet sich in einem neuen Fenster)
Mark P J Vanderpump, John H Lazarus, Peter P Smyth, Peter Laurberg, Roger L Holder, Kristien Boelaert, Jayne A Franklyn
Lancet 2011; 377: 2007–12


Regional Coordinator

John Lazarus
Cardiff, United Kingdom