Iodine Global Network (IGN)

30.05.2014   IDD Newsletter 2/2014

In this issue:
  • China
  • Ethiopia
  • Salt reduction and iodization
  • Mozambique
  • Vietnam
  • USI by 2020
  • Iodine lab on paper
  • India
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

China: leading the way in sustained IDD elimination

(Karen Codling, Zupei Chen, Shen Hongmei, Mu Li, Yunyou Gu, Zhen Xin Lu, Chang Suying)
In the early 1990s, over 700 million people in China were iodine deficient. In 1993, China adopted salt iodization as its principal control strategy. By 2000, USI had virtually eliminated IDD. This review celebrates this remarkable achievement and describes how the program is adapting to the ‘changing landscape’ of iodine nutrition, to ensure sustainability...

Children in northern Ethiopia are iodine deficient

(Excerpted from: Girma K et al.)
In Ethiopia, IDD has been recognized as a serious public health problem for the past six decades. Today, it still remains a major threat to national health and development. In 2011, an estimated 12 million school-age children were living with inadequate iodine, and 66 million people were at risk of iodine deficiency. Between 2005 and 2010, only 15–20% of households in Ethiopia were using adequately iodized salt, about a third of all school-age children living in endemic regions had goiter, and the national median urinary iodine concentration (MUIC) was 24.5 µg/L...

Joint strategies for salt iodization and salt reduction in public health

(Excerpt from a report by the WHO)
The World Health Organization (WHO) promotes both the implementation of pro-grams to reduce population salt intake as a strategy to reduce the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and universal salt iodization to prevent and control IDD. This meeting brought together technical experts in IDD and dietary salt reduction, and WHO representatives from all regions of the world to discuss how to maximize the impact of salt reduction and iodine deficiency elimination programs through improved coordination...

Mozambique redoubles its salt iodization efforts

(Pieter Jooste)
Mozambique, a southeast African country on the Indian Ocean, has a population of over 24 million, of which 45% are aged less than 15 years. Stunting affects almost 43% of children, and only 56% of the population is literate. In the country’s first national survey conducted in 2004, 15% of children were goitrous, and their median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) was 60 µg/L, putting Mozambique in the mildly iodine deficient bracket...

Iodizing salt: an investment for Vietnam’s economic development

(Abridged from a policy brief by UNICEF, FFI, ICCIDD, and A&T )
Protecting the growth and development of today’s children is the key to fuelling tomorrow’s economic and social development. But recent reports indicate Vietnam’s next generation of young people may not achieve their full intellectual and productive potential, simply because the food they eat does not contain enough essential vitamins and minerals, including iodine...

Making salt iodization truly universal by 2020

(M. G. Venkatesh Mannar)
The past two decades have seen great progress in global awareness of the problem of iodine deficiency and its alleviation through the iodization of salt. Globally, 76% of households are consuming adequately iodized salt. Yet only one fifth of countries reporting in 2014 had reached the 90 per cent target of universal salt iodization. Most had reached only 50 to 70 per cent coverage. Globally nearly 30% of school-age children are estimated to have insufficient iodine intakes and there are indications that global progress is slowing...

A ‘lab-on-paper’ to monitor iodine in salt

(Nicholas Myers, Marya Lieberman, Rebecca Spohrer, Richard Mbaru)
For salt iodization programs to be effective, it is important to monitor iodine content in the salt at various points along the supply chain. Iodometric titration is currently the gold standard, but it requires trained technicians and wet reagents. With the financial support from GAIN, researchers at the University of Notre Dame (Indiana, USA) have developed the saltPAD, a paper test card that can measure how much iodate is present in a sample of iodized salt...

The success story of the seven-state IDD survey in India

(Chandrakant Pandav)
IDD constitutes the single largest cause of preventable brain damage worldwide. In India the entire population is prone to IDD due to deficiency of iodine in the soil and consequently the food derived from it. An estimated 350 million people are at higher risk of IDD as they consume salt with inadequate iodine. Every year, nine million pregnant women and eight million new-borns are at risk of IDD in India...