Iodine Global Network (IGN)

28.05.2013   IDD Newsletter 2/2013

In this issue:
  • Pregnancy
  • Cambodia
  • Guinea
  • Australia
  • Afghanistan
  • Iraq
  • Ghana
  • Asia salt laws
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

In the UK and Australia, poor iodine intake in pregnancy predicts lower child IQ

Iodine deficiency early in life is a major cause of preventable mental impairment worldwide. Every year, in developing countries, 38 million newborns are born iodine deficient. But newborns in industrialized countries, such as the UK, USA, and Australia, are also vulnerable. As iodine deficiency has reemerged in these countries, four recent reports have pointed to the perils of even mild deficiency during pregnancy...

Cambodian children have ample iodine intake but only 70% of households are covered by iodized salt

(J Conkle, T Carton, S Un, V Berdaga)
IDD was once a major public health problem in Cambodia. In a 1997 national survey, 12% of primary school children were goitrous. The goiter rate was >20% in nine of 20 provinces and >30% in four provinces. The National Sub-Committee for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (NSCIDD) was established in 1996. The government committed to universal salt iodization (USI) by including a target of 90% coverage in national plans and policies. In 1999, smallscale production of iodized salt began in Cambodia...

World Press Photo Contest 2013

Stephan Vanfleteren of Belgium has won first prize in the People - Staged Portraits Stories category of the World Press Photo Contest 2013 with the series ‚People of Mercy, Guinea‘. The picture shows Makone Soumaoro, 30, who has a goiter

Iodized baking salt improves iodine intakes in Australian pregnant women, but they still need iodine supplements to achieve sufficient intakes

To address the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Australia, in 2009 it became mandatory for bread manufacturers to use iodized salt in the baking process at levels of 25–65 mg per 1 kg of salt, so that 100 g of bread contained 48 µg of iodine. Additionally, the National Health and Medical Research Council recommended all pregnant and lactating women take daily supplements containing at least 150 µg of iodine. Two recent studies looked at the effect of these two interventions on iodine intakes in pregnant Australian women...

Awareness and household coverage of iodized salt in Afghanistan

(N Dodd, BA Hamid, MQ Shams and S Nasiri)
Iodine deficiency is a public health concern in Afghanistan. The National Nutrition Survey (NNS) in Afghanistan in 2006 reported that the proportion of individuals with urinary iodine concentrations <100 µg/L was 72% among 7-11 y-olds, 75% among non-pregnant women and 79% among pregnant women, aged 15- 49 y. Iodization of cooking salt has been adopted as a strategy for combating IDD, and the salt iodization regulations were approved by the Council of Ministers of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in March, 2011...

Iodine deficiency in young Iraqi women

(Alaa Shaalan Hussien, Saad alddin Hussien Ali, Sawsan Mohammed Ali hadi)
The aim of this study was to estimate the extent of iodine deficiency among non-pregnant women of childbearing age (15-49 years) attending primary health care centers in three Iraqi governorates (Baghdad, Basrah and Nineveh). The cross-sectional survey included 438 non-pregnant women attending eight health centers

Ensuring potassium iodate for small-scale salt producers in Ghana

(Chr. Guyondet, R. Spohrer, A Quashie)
The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) began facilitating procurement of KIO3 in Ghana through a partnership established in 2009 with President’s Special Initiative on Salt (PSI-Salt) under the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI). In 2010, the partners established a system to improve supply to small to medium scale producers. GAIN provided an upfront supply of 5MT KIO3 to PSI-Salt under a consignment arrangement. PSI then sold the KIO3 to salt producers in scale-appropriate quantities. Revenues were used to fund a regular supply of the fortificant...

Iodized salt legislation in South and East Asia and the Pacific: an overview

(F Bégin, K Codling)
Salt iodization programs have been in place for more than 2 decades in Asia, with the proportion of adequately iodized salt being much higher (88%) in East Asia and the Pacific than in South Asia (55%) (1). UNICEF undertook this review to describe in detail the current legal framework related to universal salt iodization (USI) in the South and East Asia and Pacific Regions. This review reflects an analysis of the legis-lation as written and did not attempt to take into consideration how well (or badly) the legislation is actually implemented. The situation in 25 countries was reviewed but since legislation was not available from Bhutan and DPRK, existing, draft and planned legislation from 23 countries was reviewed in total...