Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.08.2006   IDD Newsletter 3/2006

In this Issue:
  • Afghanistan
  • Iraq
  • Sudan
  • Success stories: Sustained IDD elimination in Iran and China
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

Progress against IDD in Afghanistan

Two in three Afghan children are iodine deficient. Iodine deficiency is believed to result in 500,000 babies being born each year in Afghanistan with intellectual impairment, seriously undercutting the intellectual capacity of the entire country ...

Efforts to control IDD during the Iraqi conflict

Women and children are particularly vulnerable to chronic food insecurity and iodine deficiency. The women and children of Iraq are caught up in war for the third time in 20 years. The deteriorating conditions brought on by the war and its subsequent civil unrest has had amajor health impact. Even before the most recent conflict, many children were highly vulnerable to disease and malnutrition. The latest reports show that acute malnutrition among children under five has nearly doubled inthe last two years, and nearly 1 million children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition. Less than half of Iraqi household have access to adequately iodized salt ...

Severe iodine deficiency in Sudan

(Izzeldin Hussein)
Aggravated by armed conflict, IDD remains a major public health problem in Sudan. More than 20% of schoolage children are goitrous, and the prevalence reaches 40% in the Darfur region of western Sudan. Only 1% of the population has access to adequately iodized salt ...

Sustained elimination of iodine deficiency in the Islamic Republic of Iran: an update

(Fereidoun Azizi, Parvin Mirmiran, Robabeh Sheikholesham)
Historically, IDD was endemic in many areas of Iran. The first epidemiological assessment of goiter, conducted in 1969, found iodine deficiency was common in most cities and in the rural regions at the foot of the Alborz and Zagross mountains, with the prevalence of goiter rangingfrom 10 to 60% in the provinces. However, no long-term preventive measures were taken. In 1983-84, after a gap of 15 years, Azizi et al. reported that populations of Shahriar, Tehran and the south-central province of Kohkyloyeh-Boyer Ahmad had low median urinary iodine (UI) excretion and hyperendemic goiter. Subsequently, severe IDD was found in many villages located in the north of Tehrancity ...

Sustained Elimination of IDD in China: an update

(Chen Zupei)
Goiter was recorded in ancient Chinese medical writing as early as 3,000 BC. In the modern age, the landmark study on IDD in China was done in Hebei Province in 1960, by the endocrine research groupfrom Tianjin Medical College. The study demonstrated that iodine deficiency was responsible for endemic goiter and endemic cretinism, and suggested that mild mental retardation was the major adverse effect on the population ...