Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.11.2006   IDD Newsletter 4/2006

In this Issue:
  • Philippines
  • Indonesia
  • New Zealand
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Sri Lanka
  • Vietnam
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts


Steady progress against IDD in the Philippines

(LA Perlas, JA Desnacido, JM Marcos, RL Cheong, and MRA Pedro)
Through universal salt iodization (USI) and use of iodized oil, enormous progress has been made in Asiain reducing iodine deficiency overthe last decade. In the Philippines, Republic Act No.8172 promoting salt iodization nationwide, otherwise known as the ASIN Law, was passed in 1995. This law requires the addition ofiodine to all salt intended for animal and human consumption. But achieving USI in the Philippines has been a challenge: by 2003, only 56% of household salt was iodized ...

Davao City makes a breakthrough in their salt iodization program

(Theo San Luis)
Davao City, nestled in Mindanao in southeastern Philippines, is now making great strides in its salt iodization program. The achievements of the city – 84% household usage of iodized salt and 99% of salt iodization in public markets – is a far cry from several years ago. In 1998-99, 34% of children in the province suffered from moderate-to-severe iodine deficiency, and only 23% of households used iodized salt ...

Salt Iodization Using Hand Spraying in Indonesia

(Tony Tanduk, Sigit Dwi Wahjono, Bambang Hernanto, Marihati, Umi Fahmida, Rina Agustina)
A Feasibility Study Report submitted to UNICEF by the Ministry of Industry and SEAMEO-TROPMED RCCN University of Indonesia, April 2006 ...

IDD re-emerges in New Zealand

(Sheila A. Skeaff and Christine D. Thomson)
The low iodine content of New Zealand soils predisposes the population to inadequate iodine intakes. There are anecdotal reports that the indigenous people of New Zealand, the Maori, had goiter prior to colonization in the 1800s. Studies in the early 1920s found endemic goiter throughout New Zealand. In 1924 Hercus recommended salt be iodized at 5 ppm; assuming daily intakes of 10g of salt, this would increase iodine intake by =40 µg/day. Thus, after Switzerland, NewZealand was the second country in the world to introduce iodized salt ...

Progress towards elimination of IDD in Papua New Guinea

(Victor J. Temple)
The Government of Papua NewGuinea (PNG) made a commitment to work towards the elimination of iodine deficiency as a public health problem by the year 2000 by signing the relevant World Summit for Children declarations in 1990. Initiatives,taken by the Government towards achieving this goal,include introduction of policies for the implementation of universal salt iodization (USI) as the main strategy for the elimination of IDD. The amendment of the Pure Food Act of 1970 was published in the Government Gazette in June 1995, promulgating the PNG Salt Legislation as the legal instrument for implementation of the USI policy. The USI policy was consolidated by its inclusion in the National Health Plan 1996 –2000 ...

Sri Lanka eliminates IDD

(Renuka Jayatissa, Mahinda Gunawardena, Aberra Bekele, Chandra Pandav)
Strong private-public partnerships have helped Sri Lanka achieve the goal of eliminating iodine deficiency as a public health problem. Iodine deficiency was recognized as a public health problem in Sri Lanka following the 1986 national survey that documented a total goiter prevalence of 18.2%. In 1995, the Government of Sri Lanka launched universal salt iodization (USI) as the mainstay of iodine deficiency control ...

Elimination of IDD in Vietnam

(Data fromICCIDD and theNetwork for Sustained Elimination of Iodine Deficiency)
Historically, cretinism rates of up to 8% were reported in remote mountainous areas in Vietnam. Data from a 1985-86 national prevalence survey indicated that 29 of 53 provinces had a significant IDD problem with an overall TGR of 39.7%, with a higher prevalence in females and children. A 1993 survey found 84% ofurine samples had low iodine levels ...