Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.08.2007   IDD Newsletter 3/2007

In this issue:
  • Ukraine
  • Italy
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Mongolia
  • Brazil
  • Cameroon
  • Indonesia
  • China
  • Australia and New Zealand
  • François Delange: in memoriam
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

Controlling IDD in Ukraine: a ground-breaking program shows the way

(Ludmila Ivanova)
Only 1/3rd of Ukrainian households are using iodized salt and, in western parts of the country, one child in five is goitrous due to lack of dietary iodine. Ukraine has a population of 47 million, 8.8 million of which are children. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) are a major public health problem in the country. With the assistance of UNICEF and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a 2002 national assessment found iodine deficiency was prevalent nationwide ...

Controlling iodine deficiency in Italy

(Fabrizio Aghini-Lombardi and Lucia Antonangeli )
An Italian law “Final Arrangement for the Prevention of Endemic Goitre and other Diseases of Iodine Deficiency” became effective in November 2005. This law requires retailers to only make iodized salt available on the shelf. Non-iodized salt should be available behind the counter, but it has to be specifically requested by the customer. The law also foresees the possibility of usingiodized salt in the food industry and in communal eating areas. Following application of the law, to activate a monitoring program, the Italian Parliament established at the Higher Institute of Health a National Observatory for Monitoring Iodine Prophylaxis (OSNAMI). OSNAMI will monitor and ensure the effectiveness of the IDD prevention program ...

The IDD Control Programin Equatorial Guinea

(Daniel N. Lantum)
Equatorial Guinea is a small country sheltered in the elbow joint of the Atlantic Ocean in the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. It consists o ftwo territories, firstly the former Spanish Island of Fernando Po withthe capital of Santa-Isabel and the mainland continental territory of Rio-Muni, with Bata as the capital. The country is wedged between Cameroon to its North, Gabon to its East and South, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West. After gaining independence on 12 October 1968, it adapted Santa Isabel as its political capital and renamed it Malabo ...

Correcting iodine deficiency through iodination of irrigation water in Inner Mongolia

(Qiang Ren, Jie Fan, Zhizhong Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng and Robert DeLong)
Iodine deficiency disorders continue to be a severe problem in many parts of Central Asia, causing delayed mental development and cretinism inindigenous populations. In some areas iodized salt has not succeeded in controlling this problem. In southern Xinjiang Province of China in 1992-93, a new method of supplying iodine to rural populations by dripping potassium iodate into irrigation water canals was tested. After dripping the level of soluble iodine insoil increased and was high for several years. Uptake of iodine by plants increased promptly after drippingand persisted at least seven years. Plant iodine content peaked after two years ...

Excessive iodine intake in Brazil

(Ileana Rubió and Geraldo Medeiros-Neto)
More than two thirds of the 5 billion people living in countries affected by iodine deficiency now have access to iodized salt. In South America, iodine nutrition has considerably improvedover the last decade. However, high iodine intake as reflected in high urinary iodine concentration (UIC) hasbeen detected in some countries: >300µg/L in Brazil, and >500 µg/L in Chile ...

Monitoring the USI program in Cameroon

(Daniel N. Lantum)
A baseline national survey of IDD in Cameroon was conducted by Lantum and collaborators in 1990-1991. During this study, 20 sentinel zones were identified for eventual follow-up and monitoring. The national survey found a goiter rate of 29% in school children 6-12 years old. In 1991, the national Universal Salt Iodization and Consumption strategy began thanks to a Ministerial Order ...

Pushing iodine into Indonesia’s bloodstream

(Cameron Broadhurst)
July 4, 2007 - While drinking coffee on the grounds of Yogyakarta’s Borobudur temple, an elderly woman approached, trying to peddle the cheap fans she was carrying. But they weren't the most obvious load she bore: a lump almost the size of asecond head distended from her neck. Goiters like hers, caused by the swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck, are caused due to an insufficient iodine intake. She did not want to have the operation her doctor had recommended, and the Indonesian word for iodine, yodium, was not one she recognized ...

Iodine intakes of pregnant women in Guizhou, China

(Li Xiao-Song, He Ping)
Guizhou, a poor province of western China with a population of 39 million, has a history of severe IDD. The native concentration of iodine indrinking water is very low, with arange of 0.2-9.7 µg/L. A 1978 survey found goiter rates of up to 60%, and a median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) of 25-63 µg/L. It was estimated there were more than 20,000 cretins in the province ...

Iodine fortification in Australia and New Zealand

(Mu Li)
In the recent decade several studies have shown mild iodine deficiency in school children and pregnant women in Australia.T he Australian National Iodine Nutrition Study (NINS) revealed that the median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) of school aged children from 5 stateson mainland Australia was 104 µg/Land it was 98 µg/L after weighting for population size. The situation in New Zealand appears very similar tot hat in Australia. The two countries share a common food standards authority (Food Standards of Australiaand New Zealand, FSANZ) so any changes to legislation regarding mandatory food fortification with iodine will need to be agreed between the two countries ...

In Memoriam: François Delange

(Basil Hetzel, Creswell Eastman, Claude Thilly)
François Delange died on 15th June 2007 in Brussels following cardiac surgery. His death was a shock experienced by the thyroid scientific community throughout the world. François was a founding member of ICCIDD and served from 1986 as the first ICCIDD Regional Coordinator for Europe. He was an outstanding pediatrician and thyroidologist, particularlyin the field of congenital hypothyroidism. He became Professor of Paediatrics at the Free University of Brussels ...