Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.11.2007   IDD Newsletter 4/2007

In this Issue:
Focus on Africa
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Mauritania
  • Gabon
  • Sudan
  • Cape Verde
  • Tanzania
  • ESARO review on USI
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

From severe endemic cretinism to iodine sufficiency: an IDD success story in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

(Théophile Ntambwe Kibambe)
A decade of conflict has displaced millions and damaged health structures, schoolsand basic services. Four out of five people live on much less than $1 a day. Yet the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), once among the countries most severelyaffected by iodine deficiency, has made enormous progress against IDD ...

Reinvigorating the IDD control program in Mauritania

(Théophile Ntambwe Kibambe)
UNICEF estimates that only 2% of households in Mauritania have access to iodized salt. In May of 2007, Dr.Théophile Ntambwe Kibambe of ICCIDD visited Nouakchott, in conjunction with the national follow-up program on the control of IDD in Mauritania. The aim of this mission was to update informationon IDD in Mauritania and to evaluate the commitment of the decisionmakers in order to accelerate development of the universal salt iodization strategy in the country. Dr. Ntambwe Kibambe was accompanied by the UNICEF Nutrition Officer, Youssouf Koita ,who was the focal point of this mission ...

The fight against IDD in Gabon

(Daniel N. Lantum)
Because only 36% of households in Gabon are using iodized salt, in September 2007, Dr.Lantum was invited by UNICEF Libreville to intervene to try and reinvigorate the Gabonese IDD control program. In 2001, supported by WHO, UNICEF and ICCIDD, national authorities organized an exhaustive national iodine survey. The results identified IDD as a national public health problem, and it was estimated that only 37.3% of households were using iodized salt. Subsequently, the USI strategy was adopted and an actionplan was elaborated. Also, a program to ensure periodic monitoring of the IDD situation was proposed. In the meantime, the government authorities allowed the salt importers to use up their stocks of noniodized salt already on the market by a moratorium, and from then on only to import iodized salt ...

Accelerating progress on salt iodization in Sudan: time for action

(Ibrahim Bani)
In the almost 15 years since the World Summit for children, Sudan has made no progress in making iodized salt available to households. Currently, it is estimated that less than 1 per cent of Sudanese households have access to iodized salt. This means that every year over 1 million Sudanese infants are born unprotected from brain damage and learning disability from iodine deficiency ...

Renewing national efforts to control IDD in Cape Verde

(Théophile Ntambwe Kibambe)
The republic of Cape Verde is an archipelago consisting of 9 islands situated in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 500 km from the Senegalese Coast. A 1996 survey found IDD was a public health problem in Cape Verde, with a goiter prevalence of 25.5%. Since then no IDD control activity has been reported. It is uncertain if Cape Verde has made progress to control IDD. Dr Ntambwe Kibambe traveled to Cape Verdein September 2007. His objective was to assess progress inthe control of IDD and give recommendations to acceleratecontrol activities ...

IDD persists in regions of Tanzania

(V.D. Assey, T. Greiner, R.K. Mzee, H. Abuu, C. Mgoba, S. Kimboka and S. Peterson )
The IDD Control Program in mainland Tanzania was established in 1985 and in Zanzibar in1996. USI was introduced in the early 1990s on mainland, and by 2003 on Zanzibar. There are 6,000 small scale and 12 medium-large scale salt producers in Tanzania, with salt mainly exported to Burundi, DRC, Rwanda, and Malawi. In a national survey conducted in 2003, it was found that goiter prevalence has dropped to 7%, with median urinary iodine levels at 204µg/L (schoolchildren), and 83.6% of households consuming iodized salt. However, the following two reports suggest IDD may remain a public health problem in certain regions ...

Protecting children’s brain development: a strategic review on sustained universal saltiodization in Eastern and Southern Africa

(UNICEF Nutrition Section)
The Eastern and Southern AfricaRegional Strategic Review Meeting on Sustained Elimination of Iodine Defici-ency Disorders was held from April 25to 26, 2005 in Cape Town, South Africa. It was organized by UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO) in collaboration with UNICEF New York, ICCIDD, MI, and Global Network for Sustained Iodine Nutrition, with funding from United States Fund for UNICEF. The meeting involved delegations from both the public and private sectors covering ten countries in the region - Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, as well as key representatives from ICCIDD, MI and UNICEF ...