Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.02.2008   IDD Newsletter 1/2008

In this issue:
  • Iodine in pregnancy and infancy
  • Kazakhstan
  • Azerbaijan
  • Iodine production in Japan
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • U.S. iodized salt
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

Reaching optimal iodine nutritionin pregnant and lactating women and young children

(2007 Joint Statement by WHO and UNICEF)
The groups most susceptible to IDD - pregnant and lactating women, and infants may need iodine supplementation when universal salt iodization is not fully implemented. Because this situation may jeopardize the optimal brain development of the fetus and young child, WHO and UNICEF held a joint meeting on 15-16 November 2005 at UNICEF Headquarters, New York, USA to address this issue. This statement presents the conclusions of the joint meeting. The primary strategy for sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency remains USI ...

IDD Elimination through Universal Salt Iodizationin Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan has built a model USI program over the past decade that should ensure sustainable elimination of mental impairment and goiter due to iodine deficiency ...

Azerbaijan closes in onelimination of IDD

(Ibrahim Akhmedov, Galina Ganiyeva, Ilhama Ramazanova, Gariba Hadjiyeva, Gregory Gerasimov)
While iodine nutrition in Azerbaijan has remarkably improved in children and pregnant women, only about 2/3rds of household salt is adequately iodized. IDD was historically present inalmost all regions of Azerbaijan. A survey of 942 schoolchildren conducted in 1998-99 showed a high prevalence of goiter (86%), especiallyin the mountainous regions of theSouth Caucasus. Median urinaryiodine (UI) excretion was 54 µg/L,with even lower levels (25-39 µg/L)in the mountainous regions ...

Industrial production and applications of iodine

(Tatsuo Kaiho)
About 1/3rd of the total iodine production in the world comes from Japan. Together, Chile and Japan produce nearly 90% of the world’s iodine. Along with its widespread use in IDD control programs, iodine has many other important applications ...

Major push for iodized salt planned for Guinea-Bissau in 2008

bout 4% of children are severely malnourished and less than 1% of households consume adequately iodized salt in this small West African country. Guinea-Bissau is a small country located in West Africa with an area of 36,125 square kilometres; the territory is comprised of a continental partand some 90 small islands of which only 17 are inhabited. The country borders Senegal in the north, the republic of Guinea in the east andthe south and the Atlantic Ocean inthe west. Its total population is estimated at 1.5 million in 2007 of which 52,725 children are less than one year of age.The infant and under-five mortality rates are unacceptably high ...

Low levels of iodine reported in iodized table salt in the U.S.

(Rebecca Renner)
According to the first survey of iodized salt from U.S. homes, more than half of iodized salt samples contained less than the recommended amount of iodine. The results, by chemist Sandy Dasgupta at the University of TexasArlington and colleagues, have implications for pregnant and nursing women as well as for children. The samples came from newly opened salt containers purchased by volunteers in 40 states. Fortyseven of the 88 samples had less than the FDA recommended quantity of iodine (45ppm) and 6 contained more. The researchers alsofound that salt lost iodine when the humidity was high.