Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.11.2008   IDD Newsletter 4/2008

In this issue:
  • Unicef progress report
  • Cameroon
  • India
  • U.S.A.
  • Thailand
  • Congo
  • China
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

UNICEF Report 2008: Sustainable Elimination of Iodine Deficiency: Progress since the 1990 World Summit for Children

Universal salt iodization isone of the most successful public health efforts of thepast two decades. UNICEF estimates that less than one fifth of households in the developing world were using iodized salt at the time of the World Summit for Children in 1990. Some experts believe universal salt iodization may be the most successful public health effort of the past two decades. The proportion of households consuming adequately iodized salt has increased to somedegree in every region of the world, yetlarge differences in levels of consumption remain. Two regions are close to achieving the goal: Latin America and the Caribbean, with 85 per cent of households consuming adequately iodized salt, and East Asia and the Pacific, with 84 percent ...

Iodine deficiency in 2007: Global progress since 2003

A new WHO report concludes there has been global progress in iodine deficiency control since 2003, but IDD continues to affect almost 1 in 3 individuals worldwide ...

ICCIDD investigates the rising priceof iodized salt in Central Africa

(Daniel N. Lantum)
There may be a crisis developing in the salt production and marketing business in the Central African Region. Iodized salt is running scarce in the popular marketsand prices have increased from 2000 CFA (1 euro = 656 CFA francs) to 2500-2800 CFA per bag of 18kg. The stability of the USI/IDD control program in the region may be threatened. To investigate the matter, Daniel Lantum, ICCIDD Regional Coordinator for Africa, traveled to the port town of Douala, Cameroon from 25-30 October 2008, and visited salt enterprises there ...

How to increase consumptionof iodized salt in India: a situation analysis

(Sheila Vir)
Trends in iodized salt consumption. Today in India, only 51.1% of the population consume adequately iodized salt. This is far from the universal salt iodization (USI) goal of at least 90% household coverage.Coverage in India has remained stagnant at about 50% since 1998 (Fig.1) (2,3,4). Similarly, there has been little change in the percentage of households consuming salt that is iodized, but at inadequate levels: 25% in2005 compared to 21.6% in 1998 ...

Adequate iodine nutritionin the U.S. population

(Dr. Elizabeth Pearce)
Surveillance of urinary iodine values ofthe U.S. population has been carried out at intervals since 1971.Caldwell et al. have reported the most recent U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) iodinedata, for the 2003–2004 sample. Reassuringly, there has been no significant change since the last NHANES survey in 2001–2002. Following a precipitous drop in urinary iodine values between NHANES I (1971–1974) and NHANES III (1988–1994),U.S.dietaryiodine intake appears to have stabilized. Importantly, the U.S. population overall remains iodine sufficient.

IDD control in Thailand: a new 5-year master plan

Thailand remains iodine deficient but the National IDD Control Board has ambitious plans to move forward. On March 21, 2006, a meeting of the National IDD Control Board (NIDDCB) was held in Thailand. Her Royal Highness the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn graciously presided as the President, the Secretariat was the Minister of Public Health, and key persons in other Ministries and in the IDD network participated, including the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Education, the President of Iodized Salt Producers Association, the Thai Red Cross, UNICEF, WHO, ICCIDD, the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, the Office of National Economic and Social Development Board, the Bureau of the Budget, and the Government Pharmaceutical Organization ...

Reducing the iodine content of over-iodized salt in the Democratic Republic of Congo improves iodine nutrition

(Théophile Ntambwe Kibambe)
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had historically been a severely iodine deficient area. In October 1993, with publication of an inter-ministerial order regulating production, quality control and trade of iodized salt, the DRC adopted a USI strategy to control IDD. This national regulation has been implemented since 1994, particularly the prohibition of the import of noniodized salt, and the control of salt iodine levels at retail points in the country and in households. It stipulated an iodine content of 100 ppm at point of production ...

Successful control of iodine deficiency in southern Guizhou Province, China

(Chengkai Zhu)
Buyi and Miao Minority Autonomous Prefecture (Qiangnan) is located in southern Guizhou Province on the Yungui Highland with an altitude between 400-1200 meters above sea level. This Prefecture has a total population of 3.91 million. In 1976, the visible goiter rate was 34% and the incidence of endemic cretinism was 5.7%. The cretinism rate was extremely high in the Kaiyou area, and many families had multiple cases of cretinism: the survey found 3 families had 4 cretins, 13 families had 3 cretins and 43 families had 2 cretins ...