Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.08.2009   IDD Newsletter 3/2009

In this Issue:
  • Iodine and women‘s health
  • India
  • Cameroon
  • Iodized salt in baking
  • Ethiopia
  • Global report
  • Macedonia
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

Iodine deficiency and women’s health

Globally, an estimated 20 million infants are born each year at risk of brain damage from iodine deficiency. In Tanzania, iodine deficiency in utero predicts lower schooling attainment ten years later, and this effect appears to be stronger in girls ...

Integrating small salt producers in Rajasthan into India’s universal salt iodization strategy

(Lucie Bohac and Deepti Gulati)
In conjunction with the meeting of the Board of the Network for Sustained Elimination of Iodine Deficiency in Jaipur in February 2009, a field visit for the Board was arranged to Nawa, Rajasthan, the site of a World Food Program - Micronutrient Initiative project focusing on bringing small salt producers into the framework of India’s Universal Salt Iodization strategy ...

Iodine excess in East Cameroon due to over-iodized salt

(Daniel N. Lantum )
Historically, the Kadey and Lom et Djerem Divisions in the East Province of Cameroon have been long-recognized regions of severe IDD. In 1954, Robert Massesyeff, a French scientist, reported the goiter prevalence among adults in Kadey was 58%. Alarmed by such statistics, Leweinstein was dispatched in 1968 by the World Health Organization office in Brazzaville to verify the fin-dings, which he did. But despite severe IDD in the vast rural territory, the sketchy medical services could only offer Lugol’s Iodine as a remedy to those who reported to hospital. Subsequently, intramuscular injection of Lipiodol was introduced in parish clinics and health centers for adult patients presenting with goiter ...

Increasing iodine intakes in populations through the use of iodized salt in bread baking

(Gregory Gerasimov)
Over past two decades significant pro-gress has been achieved globally in elimination of iodine deficiency through universal salt iodization (USI). The main focus of national IDD elimination programs was on iodization of table salt used at the household level. In many developing countries, homemade foods are the mainstay of family diets and therefore iodization of household salt can be effective ...

Salt iodization in Ethiopia: New partnerships give children a brighter future

The Micronutrient Initiative has begun centralizing salt iodization with the financial support of the Government of Canada. Severe iodine deficiency in Ethiopian women leads to 50,000 stillbirths annually and the country’s goitre rate has increased from 26% in 1980 to almost 40% today. Adding iodine to salt provides protection from brain damage due to iodine deficiency for whole populations, helping people and Ethiopia reach their full potential. But less than 5% of Ethiopian households are currently consuming iodized salt. Ensuring that all edible salt is iodized is an investment that makes sense. For just a few cents per year, a child can be saved from the permanently damaging effects of iodine deficiency ...

Investing in the future: a united call to action on vitamin and mineral deficiencies

“The sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency disorders is within the world’s grasp. When it is achieved, it will be a major public health triumph, eliminating the primary cause of preventable mental retardation in the world.” These inspiring lines are from a 2009 Global Report funded by the Micro-nutrient Initiative, with the financial support of the Government of Canada through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). The sections related to iodine deficiency and its control are summarized in the following article ...

Macedonia begins to monitor IDD in pregnant and lactating women along with school-age children

Historically Macedonia was an iodine deficient area, with a high incidence of goiter, which, in certain regions, was endemic. Research on IDD initiated in 1995/96 included the entire coun-try and applied the assessment methods recommended by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD, which included palpation of the thyroid gland to assess goiter, determination of the thyroid gland volume by ultrasound and measurement of urinary iodine (UI) concentration. Inspection and palpation of the thyroid showed the general prevalence of goiter among school age children was 18.7%, thyroid gland volumes were higher than the norms established by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD, and the median UI was 117ug/L ...