Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.05.2010   IDD Newsletter 2/2010

In this issue:
  • Iraq
  • Europe
  • Bangladesh
  • Nepal
  • Oman
  • Timor-Leste
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

Current Status of Iodine Nutrition in Iraq

(Fereidoun Azizi)
After surviving years of conflict, deprivation and the effects of sanctions, the 15 million children of today’s Iraq now stand to benefit from an increasing focus on controlling IDD. The ICCIDD coordinator for the Middle East and North Africa, Dr Fereidoun Azizi, completed a visit to Iraq in February 2010, where he discussed matters related to iodine nutrition with authorities of the Ministry of Health. He also spoke at a breakthrough meeting entitled “Iodine Deficiency Monitoring and Control” that was inaugurated by a speech given by Dr. Ishan Jaafar Ahmed, the Director General of Public Health Directorate, who spoke about the obstacles faced in achieving adequate iodine nutrition ...

Progress against IDD in Europe

(Aldo Pinchera )
Although West Central Europe is an industrialized and wealthy part of the world, there still remain areas of iodine deficiency in several countries. Legislation also differs widely among European countries. There are those who have established effective legislation while others continue to battle with the authorities to get IDD on the official agenda. Within the region of West Central Europe unfortunately not all countries have been able to successfully establish official governmental iodine deficiency control programs. Slovenia, Hungary, Greece, Portugal, France and Ireland have yet to move in this direction ...

Many Bangladeshi adolescent girls and pregnant women are iodine deficient

(Gulshan Ara)
The national IDD survey in 1999 revealed that 43.1% of the Bangladeshi population were iodine deficient (urinary iodine <100 ug/L). There was a gender difference: females were more affected, but the prevalence data were not disaggregated for adolescents and pregnant women. In the latest iodine survey, which was part of the National Nutrition Program (NNP) baseline survey, data from Bangladeshi adolescent girls and pregnant women were analyzed. The survey was conducted by the International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research (ICDDRB), the Institute of Public Health Nutrition (IPHN) and the National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT) in 2004-2005. The survey sample included 360 adolescent girls and 360 pregnant women selected randomly from six administrative divisions by stratified two-stage cluster sampling. The girls and women were generally selected from different households ...

Moving toward the sustainable elimination of IDD in Nepal

(Basanta Gelal and Nirmal Baral)
Nepal is land locked country situated between India and China (see map on p.14). It covers 147,181 km2, divided into three ecological (Mountain, Hill and Terai) regions and five developmental (Eastern, Central, Western, Mid-Western and Far-Western) regions, 14 zones and 75 districts. The Terai region is adjacent to India and Mountain region to China, with the Hill region between them. In the past, IDD was rampant in Nepal as reflected by a 55% total goiter rate (TGR) in 1965, during the first IDD survey in Nepal.

An effective iodized salt program in Oman

(Izzeldin Hussein, Ali Gaffar and D Al Osfor)
The Sultanate of Oman occupies the south-eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Oman’s coastline extends 3,165 km from the Strait of Hormuz in the north, to the borders of the Republic of Yemen in the south and shares its coast with three seas: the Arabian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. It also includes a number of islands off the coast, among them the islands of Masirah, Halanyat and Salama.

Pushing for better iodized salt coverage in Timor-Leste

(Dr Mu Li )
The total population in Timor-Leste is 1.1 million with an annual population growth rate of 3.1%. Based on a survey conducted in 1998 prior to the independence, 7 of the 13 districts in the country had a goiter pre-valence of 20% or above, indicating mode-rate iodine deficiency. The coverage rates of adequately iodized salt at household level were reportedly at 72% in 2002 (Multi-indicator cluster survey) and 60% in 2007 (Timor-Leste Survey of Living Standards, TLSLS). It is estimated that 60% of salt in Timor Leste is imported and almost all iodized salt is imported from Indonesia or Australia. However not all imported salt is iodized. About 40% of the national demand for salt is met by locally produced salt, either by small scale salt boilers in several districts (Manatutuo, Liquicia, Bobonara and Covalima) or from a natural salt lake, Lake Laga in Baucau District ...