Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.08.2011   IDD Newsletter 3/2011

In this issue:
  • UK
  • USA
  • Urinary iodine
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Iodized salt in the food industry
  • The Philippines
  • India
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts


Iodine deficiency uncovered in the UK: A national study finds more than 2/3rds of schoolgirls have low iodine intakes

(Michael Zimmermann)
The United Kingdom (UK) currently has no national program of food or salt iodization, and there has been no national survey of iodine nutrition in the country in over 60 years. Vanderpump and colleagues from the British Thyroid Association recently assessed iodine status of the UK population. As reported in The Lancet (2011;377:2007-12), they performed a cross-sectional survey in 2009 in girls aged 14-15 years...

U.S. dietary iodine status remains sufficient overall, but pregnant women may be mildly iodine-deficient

(Caldwell KL)
The iodine nutritional status of the U.S. population has been assessed periodically since 1971 by the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). Major sources of iodine in the U.S. diet include iodized salt, dairy foods, and some grain products. The World Health Organization has determined that a median urinary iodine (UI) level of 100 to 199 g/L reflects optimal iodine nutrition for populations of nonpregnant adults. During pregnancy, because dietary iodine requirements and renal iodine excretion are both increased...

Ten repeat collections for urinary iodine from spot samples or 24-h samples are needed to reliably estimate individual iodine status in women

(Maria Andersson)
Although the median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) is a good indicator of iodine status in populations, there is no established biomarker for individual iodine status. If the UIC were to be used to assess individuals, it is unclear how many repeat urine collections would be needed and if the collections should be spot samples or 24-h samples. In a prospective, longitudinal, 15 mo study, healthy Swiss women...

Kazakhstan triumphs over iodine deficiency

On 15 June 2011 the Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan in association with UNICEF Kazakhstan and Kazakh Academy of Nutrition held a joint conference to recognize Kazakhstan’s certification as a country that has eliminated iodine deficiency through Universal Salt Iodization (USI), and at the same time, inaugurate the Regional Network of Resource Laboratories for Iodine...

Scaling up investment in iodized salt and other nutrition interventions to improve child health and the economy in Kyrgyzstan

UNICEF, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 30 June 2011. Despite improvements in the past decade, 22 per cent of all deaths among children under-five in the Kyrgyz Republic are still caused by undernutrition, according to a report launched today. Besides the loss of lives, the burden of undernutrition in the Kyrgyz Republic is also substantial in economic terms, and is estimated to be US$32 million annually. Scaling up nutrition interventions, including iodized salt coverage

The food industry can play an important role in correcting iodine deficiency

(Lucie Bohac)
The role of the food industry in preventing iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) was the focus of a scientific symposium at the Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana, June 11-14, 2011. There were four speakers in the symposium, and their presentations are summarized below...

Small scale salt producers unite to strengthen local production of iodized salt in the southern Philippines

(Karie Atkinson)
“The effort of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) to build the capacity of local salt producers like me to collectively produce and distribute salt fortified with iodine is empowering,” says 37-year-old Rose Beatriz Guballa, a member and Board Director of Tamaraw Salt Producers Cooperative (TAMACO) in the Philippines. Insufficient iodine in diets causes irreversible mental and physical impairment, among other disabilities. TAMACO is iodizing salt in...

Iodized salt in India: strengthening quality control along the supply chain

(The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN))
According to the 2005/2006 National Family Health Survey 3, nearly half of households in India do not have access to adequately iodized salt. Strengthening quality control at production centers along with regulatory monitoring is key in India to accelerate universal salt iodization. From the production centers to the consumers, the wholesalers and traders within a state are an important link along the supply chain of edible salt...