Iodine Global Network (IGN)

01.02.2011   IDD Newsletter 1/2011

In this issue:
  • 25 years ICCIDD
  • Progress in CEE/CIS
  • PDAs in Senegal
  • ID in pregnancy in USA
  • Global healthgovernance
  • Meetings and Announcements
  • Abstracts

Articles

ICCIDD – 25 years old!

(Basil S. Hetzel)
The International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD) had its Inaugural Meeting on 22-28 March 1986 in Kathmandu, Nepal. For the past 25 years, ICCIDD has spurred the global IDD control effort. To celebrate, in this issue of the Newsletter several key members look back on the history of the Council and its accomplishments ...

Major achievements in salt iodization in CEE CIS during the decade 2000-2009

A new Unicef report launched in Belgrade, Serbia, on 2 March 2011 describes how mandatory salt iodization in the production of salt for households, bakeries and other key food industries have led to vast progress in controlling iodine deficiency. The regional study of 20 countries, entitled ‘Universal Salt Iodization in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States’ (CEE CIS) during 2000-2009, provides compelling evidence from countries which have enacted legislation of the iodine supplies through the highly influential salt chains for food manufacturers, public catering and households ...

Direct digital entry of national iodine survey data in Senegal

(Ismael Ngnié Teta, Kendra Siekmans, Banda Ndiaye and Peter Bert)
IDD is a public health problem in Senegal, with four regions consi-dered endemic for goiter. About 60% of households do not use adequately iodized salt and over 75% of children are iodine deficient. A national program to promote Universal Salt Iodization (USI) started in 1995 and seeks to reach the goal of 90% of households consuming iodized salt. To evaluate the progress achieved to date, the Government of Senegal commissioned a national survey in 2009, in collaboration with University Cheikh Anta Diop and the Micronutrient Initiative (MI). The survey was designed to assess the current national prevalence of iodine deficiency in school-age children and women of reproductive age, levels of iodized salt utilization and associated household characteristics ...

Dietary iodine: why are many pregnant women in the U.S. not getting enough?

(R. Renner)
Maternal iodine deficiency has been associated with a number of adverse effects on the infant brain resulting in a continuum of effects depending on the degree of iodine deficiency, from lowered IQ to severe mental retardation. The thyroid gland uses iodine to make thyroid hormones, which in turn direct brain development. Insufficient iodine is considered the leading cause of preventable mental retardation in the world, and iodine deficiency in pregnant women has been estimated to result in the loss of some 10–15 IQ points at the global population level ...

A new age of global health governance?

(T Pang)
The recognition that many diseases present worldwide challenges has spurred nations and institutions to participate in the development of what is known as ‘global health governance’. But this new form of governance will only succeed with strengthened country commitment, collaborations across disparate sectors and improved accountability ...