Iodine Global Network (IGN)

IODINE Global Network

NEW: Resources for program managers

Welcome to our new resources page for national stakeholders and managers of IDD elimination and salt iodization programs who are looking for key documents on a range of programmatic topics. The development of this page has been possible thanks to the support of UNICEF and Nutrition International.

Please send us your feedback to help us expand the page and tailor its content to your needs.
1. About iodine and Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD)
last update:
FAQ about iodine
What is iodine? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 15:07
Why do we need iodine? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 15:08
How much iodine should we get? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 15:08
Where do we get iodine from? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 15:09
Role of iodine in health and development
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Iodine facts for consumers
Iodine factsheet for consumers [U.S. National Institutes of Health] [2016] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:39 more information
Food fact sheet: Iodine [British Dietetic Association] [2016] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:39 more information
Iodine deficiency FAQs [American Thyroid Association] [2017] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:40 more information
Dietetic implications of iodine deficiency [British Dietetic Association] [2017] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:39 more information
A Paleolithic-type diet results in iodine deficiency: a 2-year randomized trial in postmenopausal obese women [2017] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:35 more information
Metabolic role, physiology and dietary requirements
Assessment of the iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination [WHO/NHD/01.1] [2001] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:36 more information
Dietary reference intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc [IOM] [2001] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:36 more information
Summary Tables [IOM] [2001] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:40 more information
Breastfeeding and maternal and infant iodine nutrition [2009] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:36 more information
Iodine deficiency [Endocrine Reviews] [2009] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:35 more information
The Iodine Deficiency Disorders [Thyroid Disease Manager] [2009] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:36 more information
Iodine-deficiency disorders [Lancet] [2008] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:36 more information
Radioactivity and iodine
Guidelines for iodine prophylaxis following nuclear accidents [WHO] [1999] last update: Wed. 09.05.18 10:37 more information
Consequences of iodine deficiency and excess
last update:
FAQs about iodine deficiency and excess
What happens if we don't get enough iodine? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 15:47
What happens if we get too much iodine? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 17:06
How can we tell if we are getting the right amount of iodine? last update: Fri. 15.12.17 15:45
Pregnancy, fetal and child development
Iodine as essential nutrient during the first 1000 days of life [2018] last update: Thu. 29.03.18 14:07 more information
Delayed conception in women with low-urinary iodine concentrations: a population-based prospective cohort study [2018] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:27 more information
Consequences of iodine deficiency and excess in pregnant women: an overview of current knowns and unknowns [2016] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:36 more information
Effect of inadequate iodine status in UK pregnant women on cognitive outcomes in their children: results from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) [2013] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:22 more information
Mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy is associated with reduced educational outcomes in the offspring: 9-year follow-up of the gestational iodine cohort [2013] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:22 more information
Iodine and mental development of children 5 years old and under: A systematic review and meta-analysis [2013] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:43 more information
The effects of iodine deficiency in pregnancy and infancy [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:27 more information
The role of iodine in human growth and development [review] [2011] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:31 more information
The adverse effects of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy and childhood: A review [2007] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:23 more information
Case studies from Serbia, US, Bosnia, New Zealand, Italy last update: Fri. 15.12.17 17:08 more information
Thyroid disease
Thyroid Disease Manager/Endotext [updated 2017] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:28 more information
Autoimmune thyroid disorders [2015] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:13 more information
Iodine intake as a risk factor for thyroid cancer: a comprehensive review of animal and human studies [2015] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 21:15 more information
Iodine intake as a determinant of thyroid disorders in populations [2010] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:27 more information
Hypercholesterolemia
Iodine supplementation decreases hypercholesterolemia in iodine-deficient, overweight women: A randomized controlled trial [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:12 more information
Iodine excess
Consequences of excess iodine [2014] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 21:18 more information
Iodine excess [2010] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:27 more information
Iodine intake in Somalia is excessive and associated with the source of household drinking water [2014] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:21 more information
Drinking water contributes to excessive iodine intake among children in Hebei, China [2013] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:23 more information
2. Eliminating IDD through Universal Salt Iodization (USI)
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Evidence for USI
Iodization of salt for the prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders (eLENA) last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:45 more information
Iodine nutrition status in lactating mothers residing in countries with mandatory and voluntary iodine fortification programs: an updated systematic review [2015] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:44 more information
The impact of iodine deficiency eradication on schooling: Evidence from the introduction of iodized salt in Switzerland [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:01 more information
The effects of the generalized use of iodized salt on occupational patterns in Switzerland [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:03 more information
Effect and safety of salt iodization to prevent iodine deficiency disorders: a systematic review with meta-analyses [2014] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:45 more information
The changing epidemiology of iodine deficiency [2012] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:37 more information
Iodised salt for preventing iodine deficiency disorders (Cochrane review) [2009] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:45 more information
Cost-benefit analysis
What do we know about cost and impact of nutrition interventions? [2016] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:34 more information
Investing in the future. A united call to action on vitamin and mineral deficiencies: Global Report 2009 [2009] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:35 more information
The economics of food fortification [2006] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:34 more information
Benefits and costs of the food and nutrition targets for the post-2015 development agenda [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:55 more information
Household wealth and iodised salt consumption: iodised salt at any price? [2004] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:34 more information
The role of cognitive skills in economic development [2008] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:34 more information
Micronutrient interventions: Copenhagen Consensus
Fighting hunger and malnutrition: Bjorn Lomborg [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:47
How to spend $75 billion to make the world a better place [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:48 more information
Feeding people is smart: It's the best investment to do good in the world [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:47 more information
Hunger and malnutrition: Challenge Paper [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:54 more information
Bundled micronutrient interventions to fight hunger and improve education [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:47 more information
Copenhagen Consensus 2008 Challenge Paper: hunger and malnutrition [2008] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:46 more information
Micronutrient fortification and biofortification challenge [2017] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:53 more information
Provision of iodine through other interventions
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Supplementation
Iodine supplementation in pregnant and lactating women (eLENA) last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:42 more information
Effect of iodine supplementation in pregnant women on child neurodevelopment: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial [MITCH study 2017] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:47 more information
Iodine supplementation for women during the preconception, pregnancy and postpartum period [Cochrane review 2017] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:44 more information
Costs and benefits of iodine supplementation for pregnant women in a mildly to moderately iodine-deficient population: a modelling analysis [2015] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:02 more information
Iodine supplementation decreases hypercholesterolemia in iodine-deficient, overweight women: A randomized controlled trial [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:14 more information
Impact of iodine supplementation in mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency: systematic review and meta-analysis [2014] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:52 more information
Effect of iodine supplementation in pregnancy on child development and other clinical outcomes: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials [2013] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 17:48 more information
The challenges of iodine supplementation: a public health programme perspective [2010] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:46 more information
Iodine supplementation for pregnant and breastfeeding women [Australia] [2010] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:07 more information
Preventing and controlling micronutrient deficiencies in populations affected by an emergency [2006] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:36 more information
Micronutrient powders (MNPs)
Micronutrient powders and iodine [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:39 more information
Parenteral and enteral nutrition
Goiter and hypothyroidism during parenteral nutrition [2017] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:48 more information
Iodine content of enteral and parenteral nutrition solutions [2017] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:49 more information
X. Enteral and parenteral nutrition [Endocrine Reviews] [2009] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:55 more information
3. Global progress against IDD
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Current population iodine status and household salt coverage
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Current iodine status
Global iodine scorecard and map of iodine nutrition last update: Sat. 16.12.17 02:00
WHO Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System (VMNIS) Micronutrients database last update: Sat. 16.12.17 18:24 more information
The WHO Global Database on iodine deficiency disorders: the importance of monitoring iodine nutrition [2003] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:17 more information
Current salt iodization coverage
Household consumption of iodized salt: Global Database last update: Sat. 16.12.17 18:47 more information
Globally, 86 per cent of the population has access to iodized salt last update: Sat. 16.12.17 18:36 more information
Sustaining USI: Case studies and reports
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Global
WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA) last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:01 more information
Household coverage with adequately iodized salt varies greatly between countries and by residence type and socioeconomic status within countries: Results from 10 national coverage surveys [2017] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 12:38 more information
Nutridash: Facts and Figures. Nutrition Programme Data for the SDGs (2015–2030) [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:52 more information
Access to iodized salt in 11 low- and lower-middle-income countries: 2000 and 2010 [2016] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 18:48 more information
Nutridash 2013: Global report on the pilot year [2014] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:01 more information
Global iodine nutrition: Where do we stand in 2013? [2013] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:08 more information
Global iodine status in 2011 and trends over the past decade [2012] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:21 more information
Iodine nutrition and universal salt iodization: a landscape analysis in 2012 [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:09 more information
Sustainable universal salt iodization in low-income countries – time to re-think strategies? [2008] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:03 more information
Sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency: Progress since the 1990 World Summit for Children [2008] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:02 more information
Iodine deficiency in 2007: Global progress since 2003 [2008] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:16 more information
Current global iodine status and progress over the last decade towards the elimination of iodine deficiency [2005] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 18:58 more information
Iodine status worldwide: WHO Global Database on Iodine Deficiency [2004] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 18:33 more information
Progress towards the elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) [WHO/NHD/99.4] [1999] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:28 more information
Global prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders [1993] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 18:32 more information
Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. WHO Monograph Series [1960] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:40 more information
Americas
Elimination of iodine deficiency disorders in the Americas: a public health triumph [2017] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:10 more information
The sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency disorders in Latin America [2015] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:02 more information
Optimal iodine nutrition in the Americas. Report of the Regional Meeting, May 5-6, 2004 - Lima, Peru [2005] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:51 more information
Europe
EUthyroid: making Europe smarter with iodine [2016] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:01 more information
The challenges of harmonising the iodine supply across Europe [2016] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:01 more information
Iodine deficiency in pregnant women in Europe [2015] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 22:50 more information
Iodine deficiency in pregnant women in the UK: the costs of inaction [2015] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:00 more information
Iodine Status in Europe in 2014 [2014] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:26 more information
Universal Salt Iodization in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States: Experiences, achievements and lessons learned during the decade 2000-2009 [2011] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:02 more information
Prevalence of iodine deficiency in Europe in 2010 [2011] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:30 more information
Iodine deficiency in Europe: A continuing public health problem [2007] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:18 more information
Asia
Meeting Report: The East Asia Pacific Regional Workshop on Achievement of Universal Salt Iodization for Optimal Iodine Nutrition 12-14 October 2015 - Bangkok, Thailand [2016] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:27 more information
Report of ICCIDD review mission in Viet Nam [2013] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:02 more information
Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in South-East Asia [SEA-NUT-174] [2008] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:01 more information
Global progress on eliminating iodine deficiency [in Sri Lanka and China] [2002] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:03 more information
The 9th International Symposium on Salt and MOH-UNICEF Workshop on Strategy for Prevention and Control of IDD in China [2009] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:26 more information
Africa
Review of findings from 7-country study in Africa on levels of salt iodization in relation to iodine deficiency disorders, including iodine-induced hyperthyroidism [WHO/AFRO/NUT/97.2] [1997] last update: Sat. 17.03.18 19:02 more information
Global policy development
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World Health Assembly (WHA)
69th World Health Assembly: Sustaining the elimination of iodine deficiency disorders [2016] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:17 more information
65th World Health Assembly: Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: draft comprehensive implementation plan (A65/11) [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:12 more information
65th World Health Assembly: Nutrition of women in the preconception period, during pregnancy and the breastfeeding period (A65/12) [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:12 more information
65th World Health Assembly: closes with new global health measures (INTERNET: WHO Media Centre) [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:13 more information
58th World Health Assembly: Implementation of resolutions (progress reports) (A58/23) [2005] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:13 more information
58th World Health Assembly: Sustaining the elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders [2005] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:13 more information
43rd World Health Assembly: Prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders [1990] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:13 more information
39th World Health Assembly: Prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders [1986] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:13 more information
UN General Assembly (UNGASS)
UNGASS 70th Session, Press Release [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:07 more information
Resolution on UN Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016-2025) (A/70/L.42), UNGASS 70th Session [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:04 more information
UNGASS 27th Session: A Better Future for Children: Progress Toward World Summit Goals for Health and Nutrition [2002] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:00 more information
UNGASS 27th Session: A world fit for children (A/RES/S-27/2) last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:55 more information
UNGASS 27th Session: A world fit for children [booklet] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:57 more information
UNGASS 27th Session: Smart Start for Children [2002] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:59 more information
UNGASS 27th Session: We the Children: End-decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children (A/S-27/3) last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:05 more information
International Conference on Nutrition (ICN)
ICN 2014: Rome Declaration on Nutrition, Rome, 19-21 November 2014 last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:49 more information
ICN 2014: Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Secretariat on the Conference, Rome, 19-21 November 2014 last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:48 more information
ICN 1992: World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition last update: Mon. 08.01.18 14:57 more information
ICN 1992: Final Report of the Conference last update: Mon. 08.01.18 14:57 more information
ICN 1992: Nutrition and development - a global assessment last update: Tue. 19.12.17 23:35 more information
Ending hidden hunger: Montreal 1991
Ending Hidden Hunger: The Montreal Micronutrient Conference last update: Mon. 08.01.18 14:58 more information
Ending hidden hunger: A policy conference on micronutrient malnutrition last update: Mon. 08.01.18 14:58 more information
World Summit for Children: New York 1990
Chapter 7: 1990: Global Political Support. World Summit for Children [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:20 more information
World Summit for Children - Mid-Decade Goal: Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) [1994] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:09 more information
Plan of Action for Implementing the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children in the 1990s last update: Tue. 19.12.17 00:40 more information
World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children. World Summit for Children: New York 1990 last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:41 more information
#FutureFortified Global Summit, 9-11 September, 2015
The Arusha Statement on Food Fortification, 11 September 2015 last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:47 more information
EUthyroid: The Kraków Declaration on Iodine, 18 April 2018
The Krakow Declaration on Iodine, 18 April 2018 last update: Fri. 20.04.18 13:30 more information
Other
Leaders' Declaration on reducing malnutrition. G7 Summit, 7-8 June 2015 last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:09 more information
Annex to the Leaders' Declaration on reducing malnutrition. G7 Summit, 7-8 June 2015 last update: Mon. 19.03.18 23:46 more information
Global nutrition policy review: what does it take to scale up nutrition action? [WHO] [2013] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 00:06 more information
The prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders − Nutrition policy discussion paper No. 3 [1988] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:41 more information
4. Iodine and the broader nutrition and development landscape
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Key nutrition resources and references
WHO Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLiS) last update: Sun. 17.12.17 16:06 more information
Nutrition societies last update: Sun. 17.12.17 16:08
Thyroid organizations last update: Sun. 17.12.17 16:17
Key journals last update: Sun. 17.12.17 16:18
Development Goals (MDGs / SDGs)
Nutridash: Facts and Figures. Nutrition Programme Data for the SDGs (2015-2030) [2017] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:03 more information
Benefits and costs of the food security and nutrition targets for the post-2015 development agenda: Post-2015 consensus. Food security and nutrition perspective paper [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:19 more information
Human development report. Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:15 more information
Nutrition and the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals: A Technical Note [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:00 more information
Human development report. Millennium Development Goals: A compact among nations to end human poverty [2003] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:18 more information
Maternal and child nutrition
Iodine as essential nutrient during the first 1000 days of life [2018] last update: Thu. 29.03.18 13:55 more information
'Outrage and inspire' podcast series (First 1000 days) [2018] last update: Thu. 29.03.18 13:51 more information
The first 500 days of life: policies to support maternal nutrition [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:24 more information
Malawi: Key messages for 1000 special days last update: Thu. 29.03.18 13:23 more information
Editorial: Sustainable Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders: An essential maternal and child health intervention [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:03 more information
Series from the Lancet Journals: Maternal and Child Undernutrition last update: Sun. 17.12.17 16:00 more information
Global Nutrition Report
Global Nutrition Report last update: Sun. 17.12.17 15:55 more information
Salt reduction and salt iodization
last update:
Salt reduction resources
WHO Collaborating Centre on Population Salt Reduction last update: Sun. 17.12.17 16:00 more information
World Action on Salt & Health (WASH) last update: Fri. 22.12.17 02:12
SHAKE the salt habit - Technical package for salt reduction [2016] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 15:01 more information
Measuring population sodium intake: a review of methods [2014] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 15:05 more information
Current salt reduction policies across gradients of inequality-adjusted human development in the WHO European region: minding the gaps [2013] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:58 more information
Mapping salt reduction initiatives in the WHO European Region [WHO] [2013] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:49 more information
Sodium reduction toolkit: A global opportunity to reduce population-level sodium intake [2013] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 15:03 more information
Sodium reduction and health: evidence for public policy: Experience in the UK and world-wide [2010] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:58 more information
Synergy between salt iodization and salt reduction
Introducing salt reduction strategies without jeopardizing salt iodization: a WHO workshop in South-East Asia [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:35 more information
Salt reduction and iodine fortification strategies in public health [WHO] [2014] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:53 more information
Joint strategies for salt iodization and salt reduction in public health [2014] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:56 more information
White paper on improving public health by optimizing salt and iodine intakes [PAHO] [2011] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:58 more information
Improving public health through the optimal intake of iodine and sodium, Washington DC, PAHO [2011] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:57 more information
Improving public health by optimizing iodine and sodium intakes. Draft Position Document [PAHO] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:57 more information
Salt as a vehicle for fortification: report of a WHO Expert Consultation, 21-22 March 2007, Luxembourg [2008] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:56 more information
5. Programs: Designing IDD elimination programs
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FAQs about IDD programs
How do we provide iodine to a deficient population? last update: Sun. 17.12.17 17:33
What is being done internationally about iodine deficiency? last update: Sun. 17.12.17 17:33
How can countries maintain optimal iodine nutrition? last update: Sun. 17.12.17 17:34
Who can prevent IDD? last update: Sun. 17.12.17 17:35
How can I find out more? last update: Sun. 17.12.17 17:35
Program design: Key documents
The #FutureFortified Global Summit on Food Fortification. Event Proceedings and Recommendations for Food Fortification Programs [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:20 more information
Fortification of food grade salt with iodine for the prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders: Guideline [2014] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:53 more information
Iodine nutrition and universal salt iodization: a landscape analysis in 2012 [2012] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:54 more information
Best Practice Paper: Food fortification with iron and iodine [2008] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:23 more information
Prevention and control of iodine deficiency in pregnant and lactating women and in children less than 2-years-old: conclusions and recommendations of the Technical Consultation [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:16 more information
Reaching optimal iodine nutrition in pregnant and lactating women and young children [2007] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:52 more information
Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients [WHO/FAO] [2006] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:23 more information
The roadmap towards achievement of sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency. Operational guidance: 2005 and beyond [2005] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:10 more information
Program design: Tools
Managing Universal Salt Iodization Communications (MUSIC): A tool for setting supply side targets for Universal Salt Iodization programs [User Guide] [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:17 more information
Tool - Managing Universal Salt Iodization Communications (MUSIC): A tool for setting supply side targets for Universal Salt Iodization programs last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:18 more information
Food fortification formulator [Excel tool] [2008] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:51 more information
6. Programs: Salt production and iodization
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Salt production and iodization
How is salt made? last update: Mon. 19.03.18 21:44
How is salt iodized? last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:41
Iodate or iodide? last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:35
Stability of iodine in iodized salt used for correction of iodine-deficiency disorders [1997] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 19:03 more information
Salt iodization in Haiti: Challenges to improving salt production quality and recommendations for pursuing iodization [2010] [MPH project] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 14:56 more information
Suppliers of KIO3 / Cost recovery models
Iodine production and industrial applications [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 16:45 more information
A study of iodized salt production cost in Bangkok Metropolitan Region [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:25 more information
Design and implementation of a revolving fund system for the supply and delivery of potassium iodate in Ethiopia. Report [2012] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 11:01 more information
Small-scale salt iodization and industry consolidation
last update:
Key documents
Coming soon last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:45
Case studies
A review of country experiences in small-scale salt iodization [coming soon] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 12:28 more information
Transforming the salt industry in Tanzania to remove obstacles to USI [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:09 more information
Data collection analysis of small-scale salt iodization in Bangladesh [2014] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:11 more information
Study on small-scale salt iodization in India. Final Report [2014] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:19 more information
Small-scale iodized salt producers USI program in Indonesia [2014] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:43 more information
IDD Newsletter 1/2013 - issue featuring case studies [2013] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 12:04 more information
Review of the Nyanyano salt bank in Ghana [2012] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:15 more information
Improved salt iodation methods for small-scale salt producers in low-resource settings in Tanzania [2009] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:22 more information
Iodine in processed food
last update:
Legislation
Global Fortification Data Exchange (GFDx) last update: Fri. 22.12.17 01:52
Review of use of iodized salt in processed foods. Final report [2007] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:58 more information
Market availability / Supply
Usage of iodized salt in processed food in Indonesia [2014] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:55 more information
Use of iodized salt in processed foods in select countries around the world and the role of food processors [2012] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 14:50 more information
Review of use of iodized salt in processed foods. Final report [2007] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:57 more information
Consumption
Iodine intake through processed food: Case studies from Egypt, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation and Ukraine, 2010–2015 [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:51 more information
Can bouillon cubes deliver iodine to West African populations? [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:33 more information
7. Programs: Advocacy and political commitment
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Advocacy for USI: Best practices
Elimination of iodine deficiency disorders in the Americas: a public health triumph [2017] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:17 more information
Meeting Report: The East Asia Pacific Regional Workshop on Achievement of Universal Salt Iodization for Optimal Iodine Nutrition 12-14 October 2015 - Bangkok, Thailand [2016] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:46 more information
Fortifying our Future: A snapshot report on food fortification [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:32 more information
The State Of The World's Children 2015: Executive Summary: Reimagine the future: Innovation for every child. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:33 more information
Towards the global elimination of brain damage due to iodine deficiency. A global program for human development with a model applicable to a variety of health, social and environmental problems [2004] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:29 more information
National coalitions
Partnership with private sector: a path to combat iodine deficiency through Universal Salt Iodization in Indonesia [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:31 more information
The #FutureFortified Global Summit on Food Fortification. Event Proceedings and Recommendations for Food Fortification Programs [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:23 more information
Investing in the future. A united call to action on vitamin and mineral deficiencies: Global Report 2009 [2009] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 14:36 more information
The national program for the elimination of IDD [2004] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:37 more information
Scaling-Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement
Kenya: Key messages on Scaling Up Nutrition [2015] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:12 more information
Malawi: Key messages for 1000 special days last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:13 more information
8. Programs: Legislation, regulation, enforcement
last update:
Legislation and the regulatory enviroment
Global Map: Legislation and Standards. Global Fortification Data Exchange (GFDx) [2018] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 13:49 more information
Map of legislation for salt iodization [2016] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 15:07 more information
WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 14:10 more information
Can legislation on salt iodization be harmonized in Europe? [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 13:07 more information
Review of national legislation for Universal Salt Iodisation: South and East Asia and the Pacific [2015] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 15:35 more information
Regulatory monitoring systems of fortified salt and wheat flour in selected ASEAN countries [2013] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:28 more information
Meeting on Regulatory Monitoring of Salt and Flour Fortification Programmes in Asia, September 2011 [2013] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:14 more information
Report on regulatory status of micronutrient fortification in South East Asia [2011] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:16 more information
The regulatory environment: Legislation, regulation and enforcement issues for salt iodization [MOST/USAID] [2004] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 15:37 more information
Regulations of fortified foods to address micronutrient malnutrition: legislation, regulations and enforcement [2000] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 08:16 more information
Setting standards
Global map: Count of Food Vehicles with Standards. Global Fortification Data Exchange (GFDX) [2018] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:49 more information
Global map: Nutrient Levels in Fortification Standards (mid-range or average). Global Fortification Data Exchange (GFDX) [2018] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:49 more information
Global map: Count of Nutrients In Fortification Standards. Global Fortification Data Exchange (GFDx) [2018] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:50 more information
Review of iodine and salt sources for establishing iodization standards [2014] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:02 more information
Role of national legislation in the interpretation and practice of salt iodization standards [2014] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 13:33 more information
Codex Alimentarius: Standard for food grade salt [FAO] [2013] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:43 more information
An updated model for establishing salt iodization standards [2011] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 09:42 more information
Tools: regulatory monitoring and quality assurance/control (QA/QC)
Chapter 3: Indicators of the salt iodization process [2007] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:34 more information
User manual for iodization & QA [coming soon] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:02 more information
Improving compliance with food fortification standards. Meeting report, 26-27 April 2017 [2017] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 01:58 more information
Regulatory monitoring of fortified foods: Identifying barriers and good practices [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:06 more information
Managing quality of national iodized salt supplies: Large and medium-scale salt industries [2012] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:06 more information
Annex 1: Titration method for determining salt iodate and salt iodide content [2007] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:22 more information
Sodium chloride - analytical standard. Determination of total Iodine titrimetric method with sodium thiosulphate [2005] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:57 more information
WYD iodine checker last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:56 more information
Rapid Test Kits (RTKs) can only provide a ‘yes or no’ on whether salt contains iodine but cannot assess salt iodine content [2016] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:25 more information
9. Programs: Monitoring performance and impact
last update:
Monitoring USI programs: Key documents
eCatalogue of indicators for micronutrient programmes [WHO/CDC] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:23 more information
Guidance on the monitoring of salt iodization programmes and determination of population iodine status [UNICEF 2018] last update: Fri. 01.06.18 14:37 more information
Technical Working Group Meeting on research priorities for the monitoring of salt iodization programs and determination of population iodine status [2016] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:40 more information
Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and monitoring their elimination: A guide for programs managers. 3rd ed [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:42 more information
Annex 4: Methodology for selection of survey sites by PPS sampling [2007] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:57 more information
VMNIS indicators and methods for cross-sectional surveys of vitamin and mineral status of populations [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:43 more information
Monitoring iodized salt programs. OMNI micronutrient update. Technical series [2001] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:53 more information
Assessing country progress in Universal Salt Iodization programs: Iodized Salt Program Assessment Tool (ISPAT) [1999] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:19 more information
Monitoring Universal Salt Iodization programs [1995] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:58 more information
Indicators of iodine status
Guidance for researchers conducting population studies. Focus on monitoring of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) [EUthyroid, 2017] last update: Fri. 20.04.18 09:51 more information
Chapter 4: Indicators of impact [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 13:18 more information
Urinary iodine, thyroid function, and thyroglobulin as biomarkers of iodine status [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:39 more information
Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development (BOND): Iodine Review [2014] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:18 more information
Assessment of iodine nutrition in populations: past, present, and future [2012] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 01:37 more information
Urinary iodine
Urinary iodine concentrations for determining iodine status in populations [WHO/NMH/NHD/EPG/13.1] [2013] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:39 more information
Comparison of median urinary iodine concentration as an indicator of iodine status among pregnant women, school-age children, and non-pregnant women [2011] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 02:37 more information
Systematic review of studies evaluating urinary iodine concentration as a predictor of 24-hour urinary iodine excretion for estimating population iodine intake [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:55 more information
Estimating inadequate and excessive iodine intakes from the distribution of urinary iodine concentrations [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:53 more information
Estimation of the prevalence of inadequate and excessive iodine intakes in school-age children from the adjusted distribution of urinary iodine concentrations from population surveys [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:57 more information
Annex 3: Measuring urinary iodine using ammonium persulfate (Method A) [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 12:12 more information
Annex 5: Summarizing urinary iodine data: a worked example [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 12:35 more information
Fast B-test last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:29
Standard operating procedure (SOP) for estimating iodine in urine by colorimetric method last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:39 more information
The EQUIP urinary iodine standardization program [2008-2012] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 12:33 more information
A practical approach to long-term monitoring of iodine laboratories [EQUIP] [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 16:14 more information
Thyroglobulin
Thyroglobulin is a useful biomarker of adequate iodine status in adults [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 16:17 more information
Thyroglobulin as a biomarker of iodine deficiency: A review [2014] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 16:17 more information
Thyroglobulin is a sensitive measure of both deficient and excess iodine intakes in children and indicates no adverse effects on thyroid function in the UIC range of 100–299 mcg/L: A UNICEF/ICCIDD Study Group report [2013] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 16:23 more information
Goiter
Annex 2: Method for determining thyroid size by ultrasonography [2007] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 12:13 more information
New reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound in iodine-sufficient schoolchildren: a WHO/NHD Iodine Deficiency Study Group Report [2004] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 12:17 more information
Goiter assessment: Help or hindrance in tracking progress in Iodine Deficiency Disorders control program? [2001] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 16:46 more information
Indicators of USI program performance
last update:
Household coverage of iodized salt
Assessing coverage of population-based and targeted fortification programs with the use of the Fortification Assessment Coverage Toolkit (FACT): background, toolkit development, and supplement overview [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:07 more information
Assessing household use of adequately iodized salt: a methodology that combines use of rapid test kits and quantitative assessment [2007] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:05 more information
Household Questionnaire: Salt iodization last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:52 more information
Tools: measuring iodine content in salt
Annex 1: Titration method for determining salt iodate and salt iodide content [2007] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 03:08 more information
Testing protocol: Iodine estimation of salt [2007] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 02:45 more information
Sodium chloride - analytical standard. Determination of total Iodine titrimetric method with sodium thiosulphate [2005] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:09 more information
WYD iodine checker last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:09 more information
Performance of rapid test kits to assess household coverage of iodized salt [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 15:48 more information
Rapid Test Kits (RTKs) can only provide a ‘yes or no’ on whether salt contains iodine but cannot assess salt iodine content [2016] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 04:42 more information
10. Programs: IDD communication and demand creation
Prototype Point-of-Purchase Study for IDD last update: Tue. 20.03.18 12:50 more information
USI advocacy and communications: Defining a global framework [2012] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:26 more information
Section VI. The Role of education and communication [2004] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 11:39 more information
11. Global partners against IDD
last update:
Global partnership: Key documents
Section III. The Global Partnership [2004] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:41 more information
Round Table: Eliminating iodine deficiency disorders—the role of the International Council in the global partnership [2002] last update: Sun. 18.03.18 13:29 more information
Key partners in the global fights against IDD
World Health Organisation (WHO) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:20
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:21
Kiwanis last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:26
Nutrition International (NI) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:27
Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:20
USAID last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:19
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:22
Food Fortification Initiative (FFI) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:20
EUthyroid last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:23
World Iodine Association (WIA) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:31
TATA Salt last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:28
China National Salt Industry Corporation last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:29
European Salt Producers Association (EuSalt) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:30
Salt Institute last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:29
12. General media
last update:
Videos and podcasts
last update:
The Iodine Global Network
Prof. Creswell Eastman receives the Order of Australia Award last update: Tue. 29.05.18 10:31
Iodine Deficiency - Interview with Prof. Zimmermann (ETH, Zurich) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:45 more information
Award to Dr. Eduardo Pretell at the MN Forum in Cancun, 24 October, 2016 last update: Tue. 29.05.18 10:31 more information
Two decades of progress against iodine deficiency: 1993-2015 last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:47 more information
IGN Management Council meeting, 1-3 April 2015 last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:48 more information
Sansom Institute Seminar - Dr Basil Hetzel last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:48 more information
Preventing mental retardation due to iodine deficiency last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:49 more information
Basil Hetzel - a family tribute video last update: Mon. 05.03.18 11:50 more information
Basil Hetzel Tribute - a slide show last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:10 more information
Salt iodization
World Salt Symposium 2018: Technical session on iodine and health (4A) last update: Mon. 30.07.18 13:55
World Salt Symposium 2018: Technical session on iodine and health (5A) last update: Mon. 30.07.18 13:56
How to raise your IQ last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:00 more information
Iodized salt last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:01 more information
Promoting iodized salt in Pakistan last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:02 more information
Dibocor's salt for Senegal last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:21 more information
Towards 100% iodization in Kenya last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:22 more information
WFP and Micronutrient Initiative work to boost salt iodization in Sudan last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:23 more information
Nutritional impact of salt iodization along the value chain last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:24 more information
For a few pennies more - Indonesia last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:24 more information
Global progress against IDD
BBC Radio 4: In Their Element Series. Awesome iodine last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:27 more information
Belize conducts its first National Survey to estimate iodine status in school-age children last update: Mon. 30.07.18 13:54
IDD is reported in Israel and iodine is making headlines last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:32 more information
Is your diet putting you at risk of iodine deficiency? on Life Matters (podcast) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:35 more information
Iodine deficiency once again a Cambodian public health issue last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:34 more information
How Cres Eastman saved a million brains (podcast and video) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:41 more information
BBC Episodes: Elements - Iodine deficiency in India (podcast) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:42 more information
Project Iogeneration, Portugal last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:51 more information
Iodine deficiency in the UK last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:52 more information
UNICEF: Global progress in reducing iodine deficiency last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:52 more information
2010 Kiwanis - Sir Roger Moore last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:53 more information
Food fortification
How to ensure a #FutureFortified last update: Thu. 29.03.18 13:21 more information
Fighting Hunger and Malnutrition - Bjorn Lomborg (#FutureFortified) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:27 more information
The buzz from the #FutureFortified Global Summit last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:27 more information
Global Summit on Food Fortification, 9-11 September in Arusha (#FutureFortified) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:28 more information
Understanding micronutrient fortification (GAIN) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:11 more information
Food fortification is an invisible but effective malnutrition intervention last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:29 more information
Klaus Kraemer on the outcomes of the Micronutrient Forum Global Conference last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:08 more information
Raschida Bouhouch on her award winning iodine study last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:13 more information
Nutrition
'Outrage and inspire' podcast series (First 1000 days) [2018] last update: Thu. 29.03.18 13:40 more information
Iodine supplementation
Switzerland: iodine pills to take in a nuclear accident last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:55 more information
Why should U.S. pregnant moms take iodine supplements? last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:56 more information
Iodine: the nutrient and mineral
Iodine myths debunked last update: Tue. 29.05.18 11:11 more information
The importance of iodine to health last update: Mon. 05.03.18 12:57 more information
Iodine - periodic table of videos (Royal Society of Chemistry) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:03 more information
Iodine and the thyroid
Simple goitre (1927) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:04 more information
The thyroid exam (Stanford Medicine 25) last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:05 more information
Thyroid gland examination last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:06 more information
Media articles
Fortifying salt with iodine - a simple measure to prevent intellectual disability. 20 December 2017, WHO last update: Tue. 22.05.18 01:23 more information
In shaping a nation's IQ, the answer is in salt. 18 August 2017, 52 Insights last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:54 more information
A simple solution to lift the performance of Australian school children. 6 December 2016, Sydney Morning Herald last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:53 more information
#FutureFortified: How food fortification can help end micronutrient malnutrition. 14 July 2016, Devex last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:51 more information
Soil solutions to iodine deficiency. 27 April 2016 and 5 July 2016, Hunger and Undernutrition last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:52 more information
How to raise the world's IQ, taken with a grain of salt. 2 November 2015, Devex last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:48 more information
How to ensure a #FutureFortified. 14 October 2015, Devex last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:38 more information
Hidden hunger is a global killer: Fortified food is crucial to ending malnutrition worldwide. 12 September 2015, Al Jazeera America last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:46 more information
Trade and Aid: Creating winning conditions for nutrition. 16 July 2015, Global Nutrition Report last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:47 more information
A global partnership's fight against iodine deficiency. 11 June 2015, The Life You Can Save last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:47 more information
Why #FutureFortified. 2 June 2015, Devex last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:41 more information
Doing good by doing well - Lessons from business for charities. 23 May 2015, The Economist last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:39 more information
A good niche for Good Ventures? Maybe. A funder's bet on fighting iodine deficiency. 6 January 2015, Inside Philanthropy last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:40 more information
Feeding people is smart: It's the best investment to do good in the world. 16 October 2014, Economic Times last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:50 more information
Raising the World's IQ. 4 December 2010, The New York Times last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:38 more information
World's Healthiest Food. 2 January 2010, The New York Times last update: Mon. 05.03.18 13:39 more information
Flyers, posters, infographics
Russia public awareness campaign [Flyer] [2017] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:33 more information
Elimination of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) from the Americas: a public health triumph/ La eliminación de los desórdenes por deficiencia de yodo en América: un éxito en salud pública [Leaflet] [2016] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 17:33 more information
Iodine deficiency - Nestle [Infographic] [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:43 more information
Iodine Global Network- A5 [Leaflet] [2015] last update: Mon. 19.03.18 18:45 more information
Speeches
Address by Dr. M. Zakir Husain on sustaining elimination of iodine deficiency disorders [1995] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:06
Statement "Ending the Stealthy Scourge" [1995] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Statement "Good Policy Makes Good Politics" [1995] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Remarks at Opening Session - National Consultation on IDD Elimination [1994] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Speech "Communications: Not a Message but a Process" [1994] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Statement "Eliminating IDD: A challenge to Business and Government" [1994] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Address by Dr. Hussein A. Gezairy [1993] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:03
Speech delivered at opening of Indonesian national seminar on IDD elimination [1993] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Statement "Private Enterprise - Public Health An Expanding New Alliance" [1993] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Remarks at Opening Session - National Consultation on IDD Elimination in Southern African Countries [1992] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04
Speech "A Better Future for All" [undated] last update: Tue. 20.03.18 13:04